If Jesus is God and God is sovereign, how come He did not know the day or the hour of His second coming? How can there be anything He does not know, since He is God?
Up until His baptism and entry into public ministry, Jesus’ deity was perfectly masked by His humanity. At His baptism, He was anointed with the Holy Spirit, as promised and prophesied in Isaiah 11:1-2 and 61:1-2.
As Jesus [took on] human nature, He accepted all the amoral limitations that come along with it
He lived His life as the Spirit-filled Messiah, fulfilling the Law and the righteousness that God desires. And in doing so, He chose to submit to the authority of the Spirit, exhibiting His divinity in a manner that wouldn’t obstruct the purpose for which He came to the earth (to be our perfect representative).
For example, Jesus fed the multitude on two different occasions. But He didn’t turn the stones into bread at the behest of Satan because He knew that it went against the mission He came to fulfil.
He had the power to summon 12 legions of angels to protect Him in the garden of Gethsemane, yet He chose to be arrested to fulfil the Scriptures. He was challenged by the Jews to come down from the cross, yet He stayed there, receiving the full wrath of God on our behalf.
Thinking along the same lines, we can understand that Jesus not knowing the time or the hour of His second coming was deliberate. He obviously had the divine power and omniscience to know. But in His submission to the Holy Spirit, He chooses not to know it.
If Jesus used His divine powers without boundaries, He would never have been a perfect representative for us. His death would’ve had no saving effect. What we, therefore, see in the Gospels is Jesus living His earthly life perfectly with the resources available to Him as a human — the Holy Spirit, the Scriptures, and prayer.
He didn’t use any divine attributes to make His life any easier for Himself. The same goes with Him choosing not to know the hour of His return. This deliberate non-use of His divine attributes made our redemption possible. He became our perfect Mediator (1 Timothy 2:5).
In all this, Jesus sets the example for us in at least two ways:
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